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The Illinois population is around 12,800,000. The lowest temperature it recorded was minus 36 degrees and the highest was 117 F. Two French explorers, Joliet and Marquette, were the first from Europe to visit the area in 1673. The first permanent settlement was in 1699 and it was located near East St. Louis. Great Britain got Illinois at the end of the Indian & French wars, and this was during 1763. They didn't have it for very long. Frontier struggles happened during both the Revolutionary War and in the early nineteenth century (Indian wars).
Settlers flocked to the area after the Erie Canal opened in 1825 as well as during the Black Hawk war, and when Abe Lincoln went from farm worker to president. This state excels in oil production, coal mining, agriculture and manufacturing. Illinois' Chicago District is a big steel and iron maker, as well as being a top meat packing area, grain exchange location, and railway center. Chicago is also a world renowned Great Lakes port and its location is perfect for this.
The state leads in corn, soybeans and hogs, and wheat, cattle, sorghum, hay and oats. In Springfield, home of Abe Lincoln, visitors can look at the Lincoln home, the old state capitol (which has been restored), Lincoln's tomb, and the home of Joseph Smith, who was a Mormon leader. In Chicago visitors often tour the Art Institute, Museum of Science & Industry, Adler Planetarium, Shedd Aquarium, the Chicago Portage Natl. Historic Site, and the Merchandise Mart.